Authentication of Agriculture and Sustainable Food Production
Food processing and technology relates to the collection of physical, chemical, or microbiological processes and procedures used in the food processing sector to change raw materials into food and food into other forms. Food Processing, Food Technology, Food Safety, Food Industry, Food Allergy, Food Microbiology, Food Biotechnology, Food Allergy, Food Addiction, Food Fortification, Food Nanotechnology, etc. are only a few of the topics covered by Journal of Food Processing & Technology. The journal offers an open-access publishing platform for original research articles and facilitates the quick dissemination of important research in a variety of fields spanning food processing and technology. The quantity of individuals that are hungry has been estimated to be 925 million. In addition, 2 billion more people are projected to exist by 2050. Of address the problems to global food security and safety in this situation, substantially more effort than in the past must be invested into plant and agricultural genetic engineering. Most agricultural output comes from crops, which are domesticated plants. They also indirectly supply fibre, building materials, and biofuels in addition to providing the majority of the food supplies for human sustenance and the ingredients for animal feed. Also produced and processed for use in medicine are a few domesticated plants. Therefore, crops are essential to the survival, production, growth, and development of the world's food, health, and economic systems. A very small number of plant species currently produce the majority of the food for humans, as opposed to the many plant species that man once used for agriculture. The utilisation of omic technologies has made novel techniques for boosting agricultural productivity currently available. Genomics, epigenomics, proteomics, and metabolomics are the four main subfields of omic technologies that allow for the molecular description of the genome, epigenome, proteome, and metabolome using state-of-the-art analytical platforms, including mass spectrometry. These advances in science provide a molecular understanding of crop development, resistance, and production in a dynamic environment. The use of omics in research can help increase agricultural production, genetic resilience, and other aspects of the global food, health, and economic systems that support human food security. A very small number of plant species currently produce the majority of the food for humans, as opposed to the many plant species that man once used for agriculture. Due to the application of omic technology, new techniques for enhancing agricultural productivity are now available. Genomic, epigenomic, proteomic, and metabolomic technologies are the four main subfields that offer molecular descriptions of the genome. using cutting-edge analytical techniques to analyse the proteome, metabolome, and epigenome, such as mass spectrometry. These advances in science provide a molecular understanding of crop development, resistance, and production in a dynamic environment. In order to feed the expanding global population, omics research can help to increase food productivity, genetic resilience, and other factors.
Reduction of plant biodiversity
The process of domestication and breeding has significantly decreased the genetic diversity of the most significant agricultural plants. However, a new trend that represents a higher degree of consciousness is now in view. In order to meet the challenges of producing more food in unfavourable environmental conditions and in a sustainable agricultural system with reduced inputs of pesticides and fertilisers and with less water requirements, it is becoming increasingly clear that protecting genetic diversity is necessary to increase the gene pool of domesticated crop species. The previous century saw the abandonment of many historic varieties, landraces, and wild crop cousins that were recognised to have traits for resistance or tolerance. Numerous research projects have recently been launched to encourage the preservation of plant germplasm collections to further the hunt for genotypes that could be more resistant to planetary changes. Furthermore, the finding of novel genes in the animal and plant kingdoms might be strategically essential for the rapid development of species that are adaptable to changing climatic circumstances.